Organic Pepper (Cayenne) Seeds
FRUIT-CHIL-4-3Regular price $3.95
If you love Hot Chilli Sauce, and you want to grow something vibrant in your patio pots, then Cayenne Chilli Pepper seeds are for you!
Our Ecoseeds range is certified organic, non-GMO and open pollinated. Each Cayenne seed packet contains approximately 25 seeds.
About Cayenne Chilli (Long Red Capsicum, Cayenne Pepper, Capsicum Annum)
The Cayenne Chilli Plant is named after the French Guiana city of Cayenne, where it originated. Cayenne Chillies are long tapered red chillies with dimpled skin and (often) a curved tip. They grow to about 10 - 25 cm long, sometimes curving at the end.
This annual plant can add stunning colour and a lot of personality to city gardens. Cayenne Chilli plants are quite prolific and can produce up to about 70 peppers per plant! The long red peppers are very spicy and change to red when mature.
Culinary Uses for Cayenne Chilli
Cayenne Chilli have a hot, pungent and earthy flavour, and are often used in Mexican and Cajun cuisine. They are rated at 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville units - 10 times hotter than a Jalapeno, but not so spicy that they knock your socks off! This Chilli is an ingredient in Tabasco sauce and traditionally brewed ginger ale.
In powered form, Cayenne can be sprinkled (sparingly) over egg dishes, hummus or old fashioned kiwi dip. Stir fresh slices into homemade lemonade or ginger beer for a kick, or use them in your favourite hearty stew. Powdered and dried Cayenne is even rumoured to deter rabbits and caterpillars!
Remember that Chillies become hotter as your plant matures - especially if there has been a dry spell of weather after the fruits have set! If the heat of your chillies is too much for your palate, drink some cold milk - the best antidote!
Growing Conditions - Cayenne Chilli
Cayenne Chillies are easy to grow if you plant them at the right time. They are tropical plants, and need a significant amount of heat to produce fruit. Rotate them after winter brassicas. Garlic, chives and spring onions are good companion plants for Habanero Chilli seedlings.
Cayenne chillies need a warm, sunny spot in rich free draining soil. (Grow them against a north-facing wall and they will love you for it!) Take care to shelter chilli plants from wind and plant them after the last frost (they are very frost tender).
Growing Instructions - Cayenne Chilli Plants
Chillies are hungry plants, so they need lots of plant food and regular water. When planting, prepare the ground with a mix of mature compost, slow-release manure pellets. Keep them topped up with regular does of worm or bokashi tea to keep them growing all season. (Once a fortnight should do the trick.)
Overly dry or wet soil will cause the leaves to yellow and the fruit production to slow. In average summer growing conditions, seedlings need watering 2 - 3 times per week (at the base of the plant.)
Cayenne plants can grow up to a metre high, so we recommend staking them.
Remember to keep your Cayenne plants well ventilated - remove any damaged foliage to keep air circulating around the plant. Keep an eye out for aphids, and Shield bugs.
Above all else, wash your hands thoroughly after working with your Chilli plants - their oil can easily be transferred to your hands ... with dire consequences!!!!
What type of climate do Chilli Plants prefer?
Chillies need lots of sun, and lots of warmth. They won't tolerate frost or snow, so these plants are best grown in the warmer parts of New Zealand. Start the seeds indoors in August, and then plant them out in late spring or summer, when the soil has warmed up. If you live in a cooler part of New Zealand, you grow them in a pot in a sunny, sheltered spot.